Let's Not Forget
Down and Feathers
Animal tests are conducted all over the world
causing horrific suffering to animals.
The majority of animals used for testing
are rats and mice. Other animals used are hamsters, rabbits, guinea
pigs, dogs, cats, nonhuman primates, frogs, sheep and cattle.
"Ask the experimenters why they experiment on animals,
and the answer is: 'Because the animals are like us.' Ask the experimenters
why it is morally OK to experiment on animals, and the answer is: 'Because
the animals are not like us.' Animal experimentation rests on a logical
Charles R. Magel
The Animal Welfare Act
Welfare Act (AWA) is the only Federal law in the United States that
regulates the treatment of animals in research, exhibition, transport
and by dealers. However, even though it covers
"any live or dead dog, cat, nonhuman primate, guinea
pig, hamster, rabbit, or any other warmblooded animal" it
excludes among others "birds, rats of the genus
Rattus, and mice of the genus Mus, bred for use in research".
This means that the research industry can subject birds, rats and mice,
which make up about 95% of all laboratory animals, to procedures and
conditions that would be illegal for animals that are covered.
Who Conducts The Tests?
Most animal tests are conducted by:
The National Institutes of Health (NIH)
in the United States: they are the worlds largest funder of animal
The military: tests
include radiation experiments, studies on the effects of chemical
warfare and wound experiments
Private institutions and companies: many household products and cosmetics are still
squirted into the animals' eyes, pumped into their stomachs, rubbed
onto their skins or forced to inhale.
companies: experiment are performed on cattle, sheep, chickens, pigs
and turkeys to try to get them to produce more milk, wool, eggs or
Education and Training: animals are
used in classrooms as part of the teaching process. This includes
dissecting in biology class as well as training for medical and
Animal testing is approved of by many people,
because they believe that these tests are necessary for medical progress. The
truth is that many animal experiments are
not only horrible for the animals, but also very unreliable. There are
enormous physiological variations among rabbits, dogs, pigs and humans for
A Chick Undergoes an Experiment
Product Testing on a Rabbit
- Of the drugs marketed
between 1976 and 1985, 52% were found to be more dangerous to humans
than previously indicated by animal studies.
- In 1989 a study was done to determine the carcinogenicity of
fluoride. During a period of two years, daily doses of fluoride were given
to about 520 rats and 520 mice. Not a single mouse was adversely affected
by the fluoride, but the rats experienced health problems like cancer of
the mouth and bone. This study shows how test data cannot be accurately
extrapolated from one species to another.
- Drugs like thalidomide, Zomax and DES were all tested on animals
and judged safe but had devastating consequences for the humans who used
them. More than half of the prescription drugs approved by the Food and
Drug Administration between 1976 and 1985 were withdrawn from the market
or relabeled because of the serious side effects they had on humans. They
had all been tested on animals.
Alternatives to Animal Testing
There are sophisticated non-animal research methods
which are more accurate, less
expensive and less time-consuming than certain animal-based
research methods. Alternatives include computer simulators and imaging
techniques, epidemiological studies (studies of human populations), clinical
research, in vitro research (in a test tube) and replacing animals with
human cells in safety tests.
Primate Experimented On
The remains of animals that were tested
If you would like more information, please check out the following