Picture of Dale taken by Wanda Embar at
The words pig, hog and swine are all generic terms without regard to gender,
size or breed. A male pig is called a boar. A female pig is called a gilt if she
hasn't had piglets yet and a sow if she has.
Pigs originated from Eurasian Wild boars.
Pigs are very intelligent and learn quickly. They pick up tricks faster than
dogs. Pigs rank #4 in animal intelligence behind chimpanzees, dolphins and
elephants. Piglets learn their names by two to three weeks of age and
respond when called.
Pigs are very social animals. They form close bonds with each
other and other species. Pigs enjoy close contact and will lie close
together when resting. Pigs use their grunts to communicate with each
A sow can give birth to a litter containing 7 to 12 piglets, about twice a
year. The gestation period of a sow is 114 days (3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days).
A baby pig, or piglet, weighs about 1.5 kilograms at birth and
will double its weight in just 7 days.
Weaning occurs at three months of age, but young pigs continue
to live with their mothers. Two or more sows usually join together in
an extended family.
Pigs are very clean animals. They keep their toilets far from their living or
eating area. Even piglets only a few hours old will leave
the nest to relieve themselves.
Picture of Socks and Emily taken by Wanda Embar at
Picture of Alfred taken by Wanda Embar at
Domestic pigs are rarely aggressive. The only exceptions are sows
with a young litter and boars if provoked.
Pigs are much more tolerant of cold than heat. Pigs have no sweat glands, so
they can't sweat. They roll around in the mud to cool their skin. The layer of
dried mud protects their skin from the sun. If available, pigs, who are great
swimmers, prefer water to mud.
Some pigs have straight and some have curly tails.
Pigs have a great sense of smell. Their powerful but sensitive
snout is a highly developed sense organ. Pigs also have a great field of vision,
because their eyes are on the sides of their heads.
Pigs have four toes on each hoof, but only walk on two toes per foot.
A mature pig has 44 teeth.
A pig can run a 7 minute mile.
Picture of Terrin and
Truffles taken by Wanda Embar at
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